As Known Through Faith A. The Knowability of God I. Formal Anti-Theism Had the Theist merely to face a blank Atheistic denial of God's existence, his task would he comparatively a light one. Formal dogmatic Atheism is self-refuting, and has never de facto won the reasoned assent of any considerable number of men.
This section of the Essential Tool explores the role of culture in the transition process. Culture refers to the patterns of values and learned behaviors that are shared and transmitted from generation to generation by the members of a social group.
Values in this broad sense are assumed to guide how people live their lives, including their moral judgments, goals, and behaviors. Exploring and understanding the values of youth and their families is therefore an important key for planning and providing transition services and supports, and in achieving better outcomes.
It is possible, however, to identify an area of contrast between the values of American mainstream culture and the values characteristic of many other cultures Niles, An example using self-determination will illustrate the importance of understanding and addressing the contrast between individualistic and collectivistic values.
It is important to realize that values, like any human characteristic, fall along a continuum. For example, a culture oriented to individualism might highly value being able to work independently, while a culture oriented to collectivism might highly value being able to work as part of a group.
However, the first culture almost certainly also values being able to work as part of a group, and the second culture also values being able to work independently. The difference is in the relative importance that each culture places on these contrasting values. The concept of a continuum also applies to individuals within a culture.
Most members of a collectivistic culture will hold values at the collectivistic end of the continuum, although each will be at a different spot on the continuum, and some will even be at the individualistic end.
Where they are on the continuum of values depends on such factors as how closely they identify with traditional culture, their level of education, and the ethnic mix of their community. This variability among people again illustrates the need for individualization in transition services and supports Atkins, As Trumbull et al.
Alternative Views of People as Independent or Interdependent Individualism and collectivism are subsets of broad worldviews, which have been called, respectively, atomism and holism Shore, Atomism is prominent in the western hemisphere and refers to the tendency to view things in terms of their component parts.
This orientation has supported advances such as scientific discoveries about how the physical world works and the development of assembly line manufacturing. Holism is characteristic of most CLD cultures and refers to the tendency to view all aspects of life as interconnected.
The primary individualistic view is that there are sharp boundaries between people, with each person being a complete unit. In other words, people are considered to be independent.
They are generally also thought to have rights and responsibilities that are more or less the same. By contrast, the primary collectivistic view is that people are not separate units, but rather are part and parcel of a larger group i.
In other words, people are interdependent. The person is instead a locus of shared biographies: This traditional Pacific Island view of the person falls at the extreme collectivistic end of the continuum, while the American mainstream view of the person is widely considered to fall closer to the extreme individualistic end than any other culture Lasch, ; Shore, Yet even these cultures each reflect elements from the other end of the continuum to varying degrees.
When they identify a part of themselves with the team, they tend to feel a bond with each other and experience similar emotions of joy, pride, sadness, etc. Interdependent values appear to be stronger among people living in conditions of scarcity and threat, because they depend more on each other for survival.
For example, settlers of the American West during the s probably had a more interdependent orientation than most Americans today, as reflected in how they helped each other build barns and harvest crops. The relatively extreme individualism of American mainstream culture today is made possible by a high and dependable standard of living that allows self-sufficiency i.
Youth of American mainstream culture almost always have ready access to a substantial store of economic and social capital accumulated by their families.
This capital allows them to begin practicing independence and self-sufficiency at an early age and to be supported to achieve independence and self-sufficiency as they transition to adulthood.
By contrast, Americans living in poverty generally have much lower levels of economic and social capital that can support independent lifestyles. Unfortunately, the social fabric of many low-income communities has become so frayed that effective interdependence may not be possible for many residents.Lord of the Flies Study Questions As you read the novel, keep in mind that the behavior of the characters is meant to be indicative of human nature in a general sense, not simply a .
The arguments for the existence of God constitute one of the finest attempts of the human mind to break out of the world and go beyond the sensible or phenomenal realm of experience. Certainly the question of God's existence is the most important question of human philosophy. So far in this section of your course, you have had the opportunity to think about the themes of “Communication in Another Language”, “Introduction to Communication”, and, to a certain degree, “The Influence of Culture on Communication”.
The use of Ralph and Jack in Lord of the Flies is done on purpose. In this book, the three protagonists are civilized British boys that get shipwrecked and land on an island. In this book, the three protagonists are civilized British boys that get shipwrecked and land on an island.
Feb 01, · To what extent do you agree? Sarah Watt’s multi strand narrative Look Both Ways is a film that presents trauma, loss and lack of control as we see the characters grapple with unexpected twists as they learn that uncertainty is an element they cannot control.
If you know the people drinking the water or running around, you have a different experience watching them. View Images A mother humpback whale and baby dive in Pacific waters off Maui.