Thesis optical add drop multiplexer

Jump to navigation Jump to search In fiber opticsa reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer ROADM is a form of optical add-drop multiplexer that adds the ability to remotely switch traffic from a wavelength-division multiplexing WDM system at the wavelength layer. This is achieved through the use of a wavelength selective switching module.

Thesis optical add drop multiplexer

Thesis optical add drop multiplexer

In this context of changing and challenging market requirements, Gas Insulated Substation GIS has found a broad range of applications in power systems for more than two decades because of its high reliability, easy maintenance and small ground space requirement etc.

SF6 has been of considerable technological interest as an insulation medium in GIS because of its superior insulating properties, high dielectric strength at relatively low pressure and its thermal and chemical stability.

SF6 is generally found to be very sensitive to field perturbations such as those caused by conductor surface imperfections and by conducting particle contaminants. The presence of contamination can therefore be a problem with gas insulated substations operating at high fields.

If the effects of these particles could be eliminated, then this would improve the reliability of compressed gas insulated substation. It would also offer the possibility of operating at higher fields to affect a potential reduction in the GIS size with subsequent savings in the cost of manufacture and installation.

The purpose of this paper is to develop techniques, which will formulate the basic equations that will govern the movement of metallic particles like aluminum, copper in a coated as well as uncoated busduct.

In recent years, the areas of industrial application of AC drives, especially Induction machine based on DTC technique has gradually increased due to its advantages over the other techniques of control. However conventional DTC suffers from high torque ripple and variable switching frequency.

This paper, propose a method to reduce torque fluctuations, where the circular flux vector is divided into twelve sectors and is compared with conventional DTC method where the flux vector is divided into six. Electrical and Electronic Engineering Vol.

F and Sansui H, "Simulink model of direct torque control of Induction machine", American journal of applied sciences 5 8: Krishnan, Electric Motor Drives: Enhancing Reusability of Conventional Apollo Modules by proposing change in design and use of new ablative material Enhancing Reusability of Conventional Apollo Modules by proposing change in design and use of new ablative material Abstract: The paper deals with the reusability of command modules used during Apollo space missions.

During Apollo missions in 's the module surface becomes charred up to some extent, hence decreasing the strength and scope of further reusability of the module. A new design has been proposed and simulation results have revealed the possibility to reuse the module again for another mission.

The new design has incorporated an in-built mechanism that will extend some part of the module surface outwards near to the periphery of the base of the module. The design, mechanism, material and other details are discussed in succeeding sections.

New ablative material has been introduced for more getting more promising results. Design patterns have been the target of a great deal of research in the last few years.

A design pattern is a general solution to a commonly occurring problem[1]. They are composed of three parts: This paper concentrates on developing a catalog for design patterns for safety-critical real-time systems and allows flexibility to choose, search a design pattern and add more design patterns.

This tool will be able to help generate the code for the suitable design pattern. Edition published in The optical add-drop multiplexer is one of the key components for dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) and ultra wide wavelength division .

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E02 - DEVELOPMENTS IN ENGINEERING. Note: Subject matter will vary from term to term and from year to initiativeblog.comts may re-register for these courses, providing that the course content has changed. Changes in content will be indicated by the letter following . Chapter VI A dissertation on the art of flying.

Among the artists that had been allured into the happy valley, to labour for the accommodation and pleasure of its inhabitants, was a man eminent for his knowledge of the mechanick powers, who had contrived many engines both of use and recreation.

arithmetic core Design done,Specification doneWishBone Compliant: NoLicense: GPLDescriptionA bit parallel and highly pipelined Cyclic Redundancy Code (CRC) generator is presented. A PASSIVE OPTICAL ADD/DROP MULTIPLEXER (P _OADM) FOR WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXING (WDM) SYSTEM RUZITA ABU BAKAR FK Passive Optical AddlDrop Multiplexer (P _ OADM).

This thesis describes the development, characterisation and analysis of P _ OADM to be used in WDM system. In fiber optics, a reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (ROADM) is a form of optical add-drop multiplexer that adds the ability to remotely switch traffic from a wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) system at the wavelength layer.

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