The exploration and expansion of european nations in the fifteenth century

Morocco —58 With the marriage of the heirs apparent to their respective thrones Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile created a personal union that most scholars view as the foundation of the Spanish monarchy. Their dynastic alliance was important for a number of reasons, ruling jointly over a large aggregation of territories although not in a unitary fashion.

The exploration and expansion of european nations in the fifteenth century

Native Americans in the United States This map shows the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites Clovis theory.

It is not definitively known how or when the Native Americans first settled the Americas and the present-day United States. The prevailing theory proposes that people migrated from Eurasia across Beringiaa land bridge that connected Siberia to present-day Alaska during the Ice Ageand then spread southward throughout the Americas.

The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the early modern period.

While technically referring to the era before Christopher Columbus ' voyages of toin practice the term usually includes the history of American indigenous cultures until they were conquered or significantly influenced by Europeans, even if this happened decades or even centuries after Columbus' initial landing.

Native American cultures are not normally included in characterizations of advanced stone age cultures as " Neolithic ," which is a category that more often includes only the cultures in Eurasia, Africa, and other regions.

They divided the archaeological record in the Americas into five phases; [3] see Archaeology of the Americas.

The exploration and expansion of european nations in the fifteenth century

The Clovis culturea megafauna hunting culture, is primarily identified by use of fluted spear points. Artifacts from this culture were first excavated in near Clovis, New Mexico. The culture is identified by the distinctive Clovis pointa flaked flint spear-point with a notched flute, by which it was inserted into a shaft.

The exploration and expansion of european nations in the fifteenth century

Dating of Clovis materials has been by association with animal bones and by the use of carbon dating methods. Recent reexaminations of Clovis materials using improved carbon-dating methods produced results of 11, and 10, radiocarbon years B. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living on this continent since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation stories.

Other tribes have stories that recount migrations across long tracts of land and a great river, believed to be the Mississippi River.

EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY BEGINNINGS OF THE EXPANSION OF EUROPE

Archeological and linguistic data has enabled scholars to discover some of the migrations within the Americas.

A Folsom point for a spear. The Folsom Tradition was characterized by use of Folsom points as projectile tips, and activities known from kill sites, where slaughter and butchering of bison took place. Linguists, anthropologists and archeologists believe their ancestors comprised a separate migration into North America, later than the first Paleo-Indians.

They were the earliest ancestors of the Athabascan - speaking peoples, including the present-day and historical Navajo and Apache. They constructed large multi-family dwellings in their villages, which were used seasonally.

People did not live there year-round, but for the summer to hunt and fish, and to gather food supplies for the winter.

Since the s, archeologists have explored and dated eleven Middle Archaic sites in present-day Louisiana and Florida at which early cultures built complexes with multiple earthwork mounds ; they were societies of hunter-gatherers rather than the settled agriculturalists believed necessary according to the theory of Neolithic Revolution to sustain such large villages over long periods.Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products.

The European Voyages of Exploration: Introduction Beginning in the early fifteenth century, European states began to embark on a the Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration, this period spanned the fifteenth through the early seventeenth century, during which time European expansion to places such as the Americas, Africa, and the Far.

FAOSTAT provides free access to food and agriculture data for over countries and territories and covers all FAO regional groupings from to the most recent year available. Trace the origins and development of Portuguese exploration and expansion. What relationship did it have to Italian commercial activities?

a period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the late 13th century until the early 18th century. an important figure in 15th-century.

Jari Eloranta, Appalachian State University

During the fifteenth and the sixteenth century the states of Europe began their modern exploration of the world with a series of sea voyages. The Atlantic states of Spain and Portugal were foremost in this enterprise though other countries, notably England and the Netherlands, also took part.

These. EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY BEGINNINGS OF THE EXPANSION OF EUROPE. At the start of the fifteenth century, European ships were inferior to those used by Arab and Chinese traders; but the Europeans learned fast, and within two hundred years they were building the best ships in the world.

This fear, imparted to the European nations, was an.

Age of Discovery - Wikipedia