Similarities of qualitative and quantitative research

Introduction The difference between the particularistic, routine, normative data we all garner in our everyday lives and scientific data is that the latter is produced by a methodology. This is what makes it scientific.

Similarities of qualitative and quantitative research

Even a lot of the popular textbooks on qualitative research only mention the basic methods, or some variants on textual data collection eg Braun and Clarke Helen Kara has a textbook specifically on Creative Methodswhich is well worth a read if you are looking for inspiration.

But there is much more to diaries than just hand written journals. You can also have audio diaries Williamson et al and video diaries Bates There are even diary apps for phones Garcia et al.

Each have their own benefits and give you a different level of insight into participants lives, but for certain research, especially where you want to minimise recall issues, regular recording in one of these ways can be really useful.

Participant Photography Although sometimes connected with diaries, getting participants to record their life through Photo Elicitation can get them to reflect on important issues, and provides a good basis for discussion. Usually you give your participants a camera although with the ubiquity of smartphones this is rarely necessary these days and ask them to take pictures of things that have meaning to them about your research question.

This is the concept of Photo Voice, where you give your paricipants a way to express their lives and experiences pictorially. You can basically use any medium, but the idea is often to get participants to reflect on their life experiences and create something a drawing, clay sculpture, collage that expresses something connected to the research.

There are many more listed in this presentation by Mannay This is a huge field, and always fun to see different ways people have been innovative here.

Similarities of qualitative and quantitative research

However, a key part of the method is getting participants to either label and explain, or discuss with the researchers and other participants the meaning and different interpretations of their creations.

Walking methods If your research is connected to a place, or how people experience an area, there are many interesting approaches you can do with participants while walking with them through a place and getting them to explain their world. You can record these visually, aurally or with notes and pictures, or get participants to reflect on them afterwards.

There is pictorial narrative mapping Lapum et al. Secondary Analysis To some, this may seem even more boring than just doing qualitative interviews, but secondary analysis of other sources of data can be really interesting and insightful, and avoids a lot of practical and ethical issues.

Kelle: Theory Building in Qualitative Research

You can use sorting and ranking exercises with cards you make with each card representing a part of the research. You can get people to discuss photos, newspaper articles, made up stories about a controversial issues or flip-charts where you get people to come up with ideas or answer difficult questions.

Get people to move: Participatory Workshop Chambers Often they are able to make sure that the most relevant questions are being asked, can act as gatekeepers to other participants that might be difficult to reach, or will have their own interpretations of the data that can challenge researchers.

It also can shift the power dynamic away from binary researcher and researched. Much more on our blog post on participatory research. Usually a researcher will spend weeks, months or even years watching and learning a research context first hand, and it can give very detailed data and understanding.

Surveys Now, this again might seem a bit boring, but I think surveys are often overlooked as a qualitative research method. There are a good way to reach out to lots of people, online, in person or by post, and you can be a lot more creative with questions.

Get people to explain what they see in a picture. Use one word to express how you feel about something. Ask questions about identity in different ways: Leave space for lots of open ended answers, but choose creative and engaging questions to get people to think and reflect.

Hopefully this post has inspired you to consider or even try out some different qualitatve methods that differ from the normal boring ones. The key with all these is to consider what exactly will constitute the data you collect, and then how you will analyse it.

For data that comes back to text or transcripts, Quirkos can be a fun and engaging way to help you analyse differently as well. Give the free trial a goand see how it makes qualitative analysis a visual method!Quite often we see references to qual and quant research merging, with larger samples being used for qual and unstructured data (such as pictures or videos) being used for quant.

When we discuss qualitative research versus quantitative research in education and in the other human and social sciences, we usually point out the differences of these two research approaches with the laudable aim of establishing limitations and applications of each one of them.

How To Write A Quantitative Research Paper. There are two main methods of investigation, first; quantitative method and the second one is qualitative method of investigation. To some extent all questions may be approached either quantitatively or qualitatively.

It all depends on what is our chief goal. Are we interested in a systematic approach, in order to produce comparable, generalisable data, or do we want to produce a "thick" description of a particular case/group.

This course provides a basic introduction to the nature of human growth and development from conception through adolescence. Students are provided the opportunity to explore the physical, psychosocial, and cognitive factors of growth and development from both a .

Dec 16,  · The mixed methods approach collects and uses quantitative and qualitative data in the same study. Many researchers believe this is a new methodology, but quantitative and qualitative data have been collected by researchers for many years.

The combination of the two methods is a recent event. Creswell and Clark (, p.

Qualitative & Quantitative Research Similarities |