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Columbus founded a colony in today's Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniolawhich became the colonial headquarters for later Spanish explorations and the eventual conquest of powerful empires and tribal peoples from Mexicothe Caribbeanand South America.
Columbus' engagement with largely peaceful Indians was often brutal, and his objective of Christianizing native inhabitants was callously compromised by the expedition's quest for gold and the capture and enslavement of Indians. In the decades after Columbus' voyage, Spanish Conquistadors would overthrow the Aztec and Incan civilizations through superior military technology, singular acts of treachery, and the willing support of subject populations who lived in fear of mass ritual human sacrifice and other forms of oppression.
Native American populations throughout the Western hemisphere would be decimated through colonial occupation by the Spanish, Portuguese, French, and English, largely through epidemic diseases brought by The anniversary of the voyage is observed as Columbus Day throughout the Americas and in Spain.
In recent years, the calamitous consequences of European colonization upon Native American life has been emphasized, while Columbus' extraordinary courage and vision, and the historic movement toward a common human destiny initiated through contact have been construed as a dated evaluation of the explorer that marginalizes the near total subjugation of Native American peoples.
Early life According to the most widely acknowledged biographies, Columbus was born between August and Octoberin Genoa.
His father was Domenico Colombo, a middle-class wool weaver working between Genoa and Savona. His mother was Susanna Fontanarossa. Bartolomeo, Giovanni Pellegrino, and Giacomo were his brothers. Bartolomeo worked in a cartography workshop in Lisbon for at least part of his adulthood.
Christopher Columbus conjectural image by Sebastiano del Piombo. While information about Columbus' early years is scarce, he probably received an incomplete education. He spoke a Genoese dialect. In one of his writings, Columbus claims to have gone to the sea at the age of Inthe Columbus family moved to Savona, where Domenico took over a tavern.
InColumbus began his apprenticeship as business agent for the important Centurione, Di Negro, and Spinola families of Genoa. Later, he allegedly made a trip to Chios, in the Aegean Sea.
In Mayhe took part in an armed convoy sent by Genoa to carry a valuable cargo to northern Europe.
He docked in Bristol, Galway, in Ireland and very likely, inhe was in Iceland. InColumbus reached his brother Bartolomeo in Lisbon, keeping on trading for the Centurione family.
Inhis son, Diego was born. No authentic contemporary portrait of Christopher Columbus exists. Over the years historians have presented many images that reconstruct his appearance from written descriptions. They depict him variously with long or short hair, heavy or thin, bearded or clean-shaven, stern or at ease.
Columbus is described as having reddish hair which turned to white early-on in life and a reddish face typically resulting from a lighter skinned person receiving too much sun exposure.
Columbus's campaign for funding Columbus first presented his plan for a western route to the Indies to the court of Portugal in The king's experts believed that the route would be longer than Columbus thought the actual distance is even longer than the Portuguese believedand they denied Columbus' request.
It is probable that he made the same outrageous demands for himself in Portugal that he later made in Spain, where he went next. He tried to get backing from the monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, who, by marrying, had united the largest kingdoms of Spain and were ruling them together.
After seven years of lobbying at the Spanish court, where he was kept on a salary to prevent him from taking his ideas elsewhere, he was finally successful in Isabel finally turned Columbus down on the advice of her confessor, and he was leaving town in despair, when Fernando intervened.
Isabel then sent a royal guard to fetch him and Ferdinand later rightfully claimed credit for being "the principal cause why those islands were discovered. Financially broken from the Granada campaign, the monarchs left it to the royal treasurer to shift funds among various royal accounts on behalf of the enterprise.
According to the contract that Columbus made with King and Queen, if Columbus discovered any new islands or mainland, he would:Yet even his most ardent admirers acknowledge that Columbus was self-centered, ruthless, avaricious, and a racist. During the latter part of the 20th century, a Native American awareness movement developed in the United States and elsewhere, which called Columbus`s legacy into question.
Christopher Columbus and His Legacy: Positive vs. Negative Essay Words | 6 Pages.
America will have learned about the famous maritime explorer and navigator, Christopher Columbus. In Memoriam. Gary Janton Seckel, age 87, died peacefully at Brookdale Lakeview Crossing on Saturday, Nov. 10, He was a pass as President of the Columbus Board of REALTORS® in , the principle broker of The Seckel Company and was an appraiser for over 57 years focusing on commercial income properties.
Monday, November 19, Girls’ BB: CHS tops Steeleville. CHESTER -- Lady yellow jackets finished play in the Sparta Lady Bulldog tournament Saturday with a win over Steeleville.
This is a brief, animated video that gives an overview of the life of Christopher Columbus and his voyage. Discusses the facts and myths about the Columbus voyage. Origin. The history of syphilis has been well studied, but the origin of the disease remains unknown.
There are two primary hypotheses: one proposes that syphilis was carried to Europe from the Americas by the crew(s) of Christopher Columbus as a byproduct of the Columbian exchange, while the other proposes that syphilis previously existed in Europe but went unrecognized.