Since justice, friendship, and community are closely related, it is far worse to abuse a close friend or family member than it is to abuse a stranger. There are three kinds of political constitution: Tyranny is the corruption of monarchy, where the tyrant looks out for his own interest rather than that of his subjects.
For without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods; even rich men and those in possession of office and of dominating power are thought to need friends most of all; for what is the use of such prosperity without the opportunity of beneficence, which is exercised chiefly and in its most laudable form towards friends?
Or how can prosperity be guarded and preserved without friends? The greater it is, the more exposed is it to risk. And in poverty and in other misfortunes men think friends are the only refuge. Again, parent seems by nature to feel it for offspring and offspring for parent, not only among men but among birds and among most animals; it is felt mutually by members of the same race, and especially by men, whence we praise lovers of their fellowmen.
We may even in our travels how near and dear every man is to every other. Friendship seems too to hold states together, and lawgivers to care more for it than for justice; for unanimity seems to be something like friendship, and this they aim at most of all, and expel faction as their worst enemy; and when men are friends they have no need of justice, while when they are just they need friendship as Aristotle and friendship 3, and the truest form of justice is thought to be a friendly quality.
But it is not only necessary but also noble; for we praise those who love their friends, and it is thought to be a fine thing to have many friends; and again we think it is the same people that are good men and are friends. Not a few things about friendship are matters of debate.
The physical problems we may leave alone for they do not belong to the present inquiry ; let us examine those which are human and involve character and feeling, e.
Those who think there is only one because it admits of degrees have relied on an inadequate indication; for even things different in species admit of degree.
We have discussed this matter previously. For not everything seems to be loved but only the lovable, and this is good, pleasant, or useful; but it would seem to be that by which some good or pleasure is produced that is useful, so that it is the good and the useful that are lovable as ends.
Do men love, then, the good, or what is good for them? So too with regard to the pleasant. Now it is thought that each loves what is good for himself, and that the good is without qualification lovable, and what is good for each man is lovable for him; but each man loves not what is good for him but what seems good.
But to those who thus wish good we ascribe only goodwill, if the wish is not reciprocated; goodwill when it is reciprocal being friendship.
For many people have goodwill to those whom they have not seen but judge to be good or useful; and one of these might return this feeling. These people seem to bear goodwill to each other; but how could one call them friends when they do not know their mutual feelings?
To be friends, then, the must be mutually recognized as bearing goodwill and wishing well to each other for one of the aforesaid reasons. There are therefore three kinds of friendship, equal in number to the things that are lovable; for with respect to each there is a mutual and recognized love, and those who love each other wish well to each other in that respect in which they love one another.
Now those who love each other for their utility do not love each other for themselves but in virtue of some good which they get from each other.
So too with those who love for the sake of pleasure; it is not for their character that men love ready-witted people, but because they find them pleasant.In book VIII of Aristotle's The Nicomachean Ethics (; a6 - a30), the notion of 'The Three Kinds of Friendship' (Philia) is expressed.
Holding that there are three basic kinds or species of friendship that bind us together expressing that in respect to each there exists a mutual and recognised love.
In speaking of this sort of friendship, Aristotle seems to have in mind primarily a sort of business or commercial relationship. It is the lowest of the three types of friendship and is the least enduring. Aristotle figured there were three kinds of friendships. 1) Friendships of utility: exist between you and someone who is useful to you in some initiativeblog.com instance, perhaps you're friendly with your.
Aristotle on Friendship Essay Words | 3 Pages Aristotle On Friendship Philosophical Ethics December 6, Friendship is undoubtedly one of the most important elements in the books of Aristotle's ethical principles.
In book VIII of Aristotle’s The Nicomachean Ethics (; a6 – a30), the notion of ‘The Three Kinds of Friendship’ (Philia) is expressed. Holding that there are three basic kinds or species of friendship that bind us together expressing that in respect .
A summary of Book VIII in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Nicomachean Ethics and what it means.
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