Her works include still life, portraits, seascapes and landscapes. Crespi began her professional career in the s, studying with Arthur Maynard in Ridgewood, New Jersey.
In the perspective of the history of art,  artistic works have existed for almost as long as humankind: However, there are many other colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its etymology. Artistic works may serve practical functions, in addition to their decorative value. Over time, philosophers like PlatoAristotleSocrates and Kantamong others, questioned the meaning of art.
Socrates says that poetry is inspired by the musesand is not rational. In IonSocrates gives no hint of the disapproval of Homer that he expresses in the Republic. The forms also differ in their object of imitation. Comedy, for instance, is a dramatic imitation of men worse than average; whereas tragedy imitates men slightly better than average.
Lastly, the forms differ in their manner of imitation—through narrative or character, through change or no change, and through drama or no drama. Within this latter sense, the word art may refer to several things: The creative arts art as discipline are a collection of disciplines which produce artworks art as objects that are compelled by a personal drive art as activity and convey a message, mood, or symbolism for the perceiver to interpret art as experience.
Works of art can be explicitly made for this purpose or interpreted on the basis of images or objects.
For some scholars, such as Kantthe sciences and the arts could be distinguished by taking science as representing the domain of knowledge and the arts as representing the domain of the freedom of artistic expression.
Likewise, if the skill is being used in a commercial or industrial way, it may be considered commercial art instead of fine art. On the other hand, crafts and design are sometimes considered applied art.
Some art followers have argued that the difference between fine art and applied art has more to do with value judgments made about the art than any clear definitional difference.
The purpose of works of art may be to communicate ideas, such as in politically, spiritually, or philosophically motivated art; to create a sense of beauty see aesthetics ; to explore the nature of perception; for pleasure; or to generate strong emotions.
The purpose may also be seemingly nonexistent. The nature of art has been described by philosopher Richard Wollheim as "one of the most elusive of the traditional problems of human culture".
Art as mimesis has deep roots in the philosophy of Aristotle. Collingwood advanced the idealist view that art expresses emotions, and that the work of art therefore essentially exists in the mind of the creator.
More recently, thinkers influenced by Martin Heidegger have interpreted art as the means by which a community develops for itself a medium for self-expression and interpretation.Blue Star Museums is a collaboration among the National Endowment for the Arts, Blue Star Families, the Department of Defense, and museums across America.
Monet and American Impressionism February 3, - May 24, The exhibition presents roughly fifty paintings and twenty prints dated between and by many of the leading figures in American Impressionism, such as Mary Cassatt, William Merritt Chase, Childe Hassam, Willard Metcalf, Theodore Robinson, John Henry Twachtman, and J.
Alden Weir. CAREER ALTERNATIVES FOR ART HISTORIANS. Compiled by Charles M. Rosenberg E-mail: [email protected] In an article in The Chronicle of Higher Education ("No More Plan B,"' October 9, ), Anthony Grafton advised faculty who were charged with counseling and training students pursuing graduate study in history not to think of a .
National Museum of Women in the Arts, Gift of the artist; c. Lois Jones Mailou Lois Mailou Jones, "Ode to Kinshasa," , mixed media on canvas, 48 x 36 in. Sam Durant’s motorized diorama Pilgrims and Indians, Planting and Reaping, Learning and Teaching, , in the exhibition “The Old, Weird America” at the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston.
Bunny Adelman, a classically trained sculptor, is a fellow of the National Sculpture Society and a longtime member of Allied Artists of America.